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Plant Viral Infection and Prevention

Plant Viral Infection and Prevention

Plant viruses are viruses that cause harm to plants. Plant viruses, like all other viruses, are intracellular parasites that lack the necessary molecular machinery to replicate without a host. Plant viruses have the capacity to infect higher plants and cause illness. Plant viruses are most commonly rod-shaped, with protein discs forming a tube around the viral genome; isometric particles are another common shape. They hardly ever have an envelope with them. Plant viruses are parasitic viruses that infect plants and inflict enormous economic damage all over the world, particularly in countries where agriculture is a major source of income. Virus illness management is difficult due to the rapid mutation rate of viral genomes.

Many plant pathogens, mainly fungi, can be controlled by using compounds that interfere in some way with the invading pathogen's metabolism, so preventing or ameliorating disease. Unfortunately, these strategies cannot be utilized to control plant viruses on a large scale. Because viruses have few, if any, enzymes of their own, they rely on enzymes that are already present in host cells or those that are generated as a result of infection. These enzymes are responsible for nucleic acid and protein synthesis, and halting their action chemically disturbs the activity of other enzymes required for cell function.

Viruses can be prevented, or at least mitigated, by doing the following:

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